Wednesday, 18 June 2014

5 ways to learn about our Eyes

We are a family that wears prescription glasses so the importance of looking after our eyes has been a long running topic in our home. Visiting our optometrists, also known as "eye doctor" by my children, is exciting for them as they get to see pictures of their eyes and look at all the special instruments that check their eyes. Just recently, we all had our eye check up and this sparked an interest in eyes. I put together an interest shelf which led into learning about the human body and the eyes. So I thought I would share some of the ways we have learnt about our eyes.

How the eye works
Not long after getting his first pair of glasses, my son noticed that once he took his glasses off, he could not see as well. This started questions about why he couldn't see well and how his eye worked. We looked at a few different You Tube clips to help answer his questions.

We also visited Vision Australia website to learn more about how the eye works and what we can do to look after our eyes. 

Glasses and Eye Care
When our son first started wearing glasses, we taught him about how to care for his frames and lenses so they would not get broken as well as how to clean them properly. We also discussed how we can look after our eyes. Again, the Vision Australia website helped us with their tips for looking after your eyes which include:
  • Regular check-ups
  • Protect our eyes from UV light
  • Have a healthy life style
  • Eye protection when working

Parts of the Eye
We happened to find a 4D Eyeball Anatomy Model and though it is rather complex, our son was very keen to play with it. 

After a few months of playing with the human eye model, my son started asking questions about what certain parts of the eye were called and what did they do. So it was then that I had to learn about the parts of the eye too! From our model, I made some three part cards which my son used to to learn the names of the eye parts as he pulled apart the model. This took his learning further as he used the cards to research the different parts of the eye and learn what they do.

Eye Experiments
We did two different experiments to observe and experience how our eyes work. 

Vision impaired/Blindness: Our first experiment was learning about what it would be like to have no sight at all. We used a blind fold to cover our eyes completely. We talked about how you could live and get around as well as what resources are available to those who cannot see. We then researched about guide dogs and read the Seeing Eye Dogs Australia website for more information.

Pupil Dilation: We learn that our pupils dilates or gets bigger to let in more light and contracts when it is very bright, not to let in too much light. We did a little experiment on this by observing how our pupil changed in relation to light. You can read more about What causes Dilated Pupils and the experiment on Eye Pupil: Dilated vs Contracted.

Diagram of our eyes
Following on from our pupil dilation experiment, we started looking at the parts of the eye that we could see on the outside. We used our information books (I share further down) to find out the names of the different eye parts. My son drew a picture and labelled the parts of the eye; iris, pupil, eyelashes, eyelid.

Books about Eyes
We have used a few different books to help us learn about our eyes. We have some information readers that are great for young learners as it allows them to read on their own. These readers are Your Eyes and Ears Science Vocabulary Readers and Seeing (Acorn: The Five Senses). We also used two reference books, Human Body (Eye Wonder) and Human Body Encyclopedia (Aff Links).

If you are interested, you are welcome to download a FREE copy of my Montessori Inspired parts of the eye cards from here.

If you would like to see more learning ideas for learning about our body, you can visit my Human Body Unit pinterst board.  

This blog post has been linked up with: Hip Homeschool MomsThoughtful Spot Weekly Blog Hop Montessori Nature


  1. What a fantastic lesson. Eyes are amazing, interesting and just about everyone has them.

    Thank you for stopping by the Thoughtful Spot Weekly Blog Hop this week. We hope to see you drop by our neck of the woods next week!

  2. I really need to learn more about the eyes to stay healthy